Examining the State of Medicaid Telehealth Reimbursement
April 25, 2017 | Thomas Beaton | mHealthIntelligence
The Center for Connected Health Policy found that most of the US provides Medicaid telehealth reimbursement, with some notable variations.
The majority of the United States offers Medicaid reimbursement for telehealth and related services, but reimbursement rules within each state can vary significantly, according to the Center for Connected Health Policy (CCHP).
CCHP's Fifth Annual 50 State Telehealth Laws and Reimbursement Report focused on Medicaid fee-for-service policies and policy language in each state as of March 2017.
The report found that 48 states and the District of Columbia provide fee-for-service Medicaid reimbursement for some form of live video. Massachusetts and Rhode Island are the only two states without definitive reimbursement rules for their public insurance program.
“No two states are alike in how telehealth is defined and regulated,” CCHP said. “While there are some similarities in language, perhaps indicating states may have utilized existing verbiage from other states, noticeable differences exist.”
Key findings from the report include:
34 states and D.C. have laws that govern private payer telehealth reimbursement policies
31 states offer reimbursement for a transmission/facility fee
23 states limit reimbursement to specified care facilities
22 states specifically reimburse remote patient monitoring
13 states reimburse for store-and-forward
9 states in the US issue cross-state licensure or certificates for telehealth
6 states have geographical limits for reimbursement
The findings reveal that while telehealth adoption rates across the country are increasing, it may be confusing for Medicaid beneficiaries and providers to use telehealth services.
Some states don’t even allow access to telehealth services unless a patient is located in a specified area. For example, New Hampshire only offers telehealth services to Medicaid beneficiaries within rural areas as defined by their Medicare guidelines.
States tend to alternate between using the terms “telehealth” and “telemedicine”according to the report, as defined by their laws. Generally, telehealth is a broader term while telemedicine focuses on specified clinical delivery.
When writing policy, states also sometimes use the “tele” prefix to identify more specific care delivery such as “telepsychiatry,” which is telemedicine specifically related to psychiatric services.
These differences in telehealth definitions within individual state policy can limit specialized telehealth services such as remote patient monitoring and store-and-forward services.
The report was also covered in the following outlets:
- Report: Despite progress, telehealth still faces disparate Medicaid policies - FierceHealthcare
6 insights on state telehealth legislation, reimbursement - Becker's Hospital Review