Sarah Zemore, PhD
Sarah Zemore, PhD, is a scientist at PHI's Alcohol Research Group (ARG). Her areas of interest include the roles of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and economic strain in substance use, abuse, and treatment, with a focus on modeling stress and coping. She is also interested in treatment seeking and treatment outcomes among substance-abusing populations.
Her recent work at ARG has examined the impact of economic loss experienced during the 2008-9 recession on alcohol use and problems, and the cumulative impact of poverty and racial discrimination on alcohol problems. She is currently involved in a major study of the U.S.-Mexico border. In other work, she has examined the utilization and efficacy of mutual help groups in recovery, and has explored new social-cognitive models of treatment motivation.
Zemore earned her doctorate in social psychology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
12-Step Alternatives and Recovery Outcomes in a Large National Study
Alongside AA, many mutual help groups are now available that help individuals address their substance use problems and can be used before, during, after, and instead of formal treatment. Yet, little is known about the alternatives to AA. The study would provide much-needed information on the nature and effectiveness of WFS, SMART, LifeRing, and SOS. It could extend the menu of options providers and patients consider, enhancing the likelihood that patients affiliate with a supportive peer network and maintain better outcomes.
Effects of Disadvantage and Protective Resources on Alcohol-Related Disparities
The primary objective of this study is to describe and explain racial disparities in both heavy drinking and alcohol problems at equivalent levels of consumption. The conceptual approach recognizes that racial/ethnic groups in the U.S. are differentially exposed to economic, social and neighborhood disadvantages, and draws on recent theoretical work suggesting that cumulative exposure to disadvantage may play a significant role in understanding health disparities.
Epidemiology of Drinking and Disorders among Mexican-Origin Adults in Border and Non-Border Contexts
This research aims to describe and explain alcohol use patterns and related problems among Mexican-origin adults living in three pairs of sister metropolitan areas at the Texas-Mexico border, plus, as a contrast, in one adjacent non-border metropolitan area on each side of the border.
Hotspots: Understanding Areas of Concentrated Alcohol and Drug Problems at the US-Mexico Border
With millions of Mexican Americans living in the extremely disadvantaged US-Mexico border region, their health and substance use are a critical concern. Even though this area experiences high drug trafficking, drug availability and substance use problems, very little is known about alcohol and drug use among its residents. This new study seeks to better characterize the distribution of alcohol use and problems, drug use and problems, and substance use treatment utilization across study sites and relative to regional and national estimates. Analyses will leverage a uniquely rich and well-powered dataset to extend the very limited knowledge base on alcohol and drug use and problems at the border, as well as improve understanding of environmental influences on these outcomes among Latino populations.
National Alcohol Research Center Pilot Studies
The pilot studies program is designed to advance the Center’s research agenda and to generate independent grant applications, relevant to the Center’s focus on epidemiology of alcohol problems and services that respond to them and to national priorities for alcohol research. The component is designed to provide the Center with a flexible means to develop and explore new research activities or directions and to provide unique scientific opportunities for research ideas with the potential to evolve into independently-funded research projects. Preference has been and will be given to early-stage investigators and to projects that emerge from specific questions raised by Center or affiliated research.