California Women's Diet Quality by Household Food Security Status, 2007
2011 | Download
A brief on the results of the 2007 California Women's Health Survey's examination of the relationship between women's household food security status and their fruit and vegetable consumption, providing insight into their current, and potentially long-term, health.
Research has established a clear association between food insecurity and poor-quality diets, leading to worsened nutritional status and health outcomes. Numerous studies have also demonstrated a positive association between fruit and vegetable intake and improved health. The health benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke, cancer, obesity, and birth defects as well possible reduced risk for type 2 diabetes and delayed onset of some age-related ailments such as cataracts. Fruit and vegetable consumption is a key measure of diet quality. Examination of the relationship between women's household food security status and their fruit and vegetable consumption provides insight into their current, and potentially long·terrn, health.
The California Department of Public Health's Network for a Healthy California represents a statewide movement of local, state, and national partners collectively working toward improving the health status of low-income Californians through increased fruit and vegetable consumption and daily physical activity. Two additional Network goals are to increase food security (anti-hunger) and prevent diet-related chronic diseases, including obesity.
The 2007 California Women's Health Survey (CWHS) was administered to 5,352 women uslng the U.S. Department of Agriculture's standardized methodology for measuring food security with and without hunger. The six-item validated short form of the food security scale was used to classify women into three groups: food secure, food insecure without hunger, and food insecure with hunger.