Fast-Food Zoning for Health: Lessons from Newspaper Coverage and Legislative Debates About Land-Use Policies in U.S. Communities, 2001-2013
2015 | Read the full brief.
In the face of rising obesity rates, public health advocates have suggested zoning and other land-use policies as a promising approach to foster healthy food environments, including land-use policies to restrict fast-food restaurants.
In this brief, the Public Health Advocacy Institute, Changelab Solutions and PHI's Berkeley Media Studies Group identified land-use ordinances to restrict fast-food restaurants proposed around the country between 2001 and 2013 and analyzed news coverage and legislative documents to assess the public debates around them.
The analysis found a clear divide between the debates around land-use policies focused on improving nutrition environments and those focused on other concerns. Nutrition-focused land-use policies faced more opposition, including criticisms that framed the proposed measures as “nanny state” restrictions.
This brief is based on: Nixon, L, Mejia P, Dorfman L, Cheyne A, Young S, Friedman LC, Gottlieb MA, and Wooten H. (2015). Fast-Food Fights: News Coverage of Local Efforts to Improve Food Environments Through Land-Use Regulations, 2000-2013. American Journal of Public Health.
This study was funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, through its Healthy Eating Research program.