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Power Play! Campaign’s School Idea & Resource Kits Improve the Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Physical Activity

2011 | Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

This article, published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, investigates the impact of the Power Play! Campaign's School Idea & Resource Kits on the psychosocial determinants of fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity among 1,154 fourth and fifth grade students attending low-resource schools in California.

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Objective

Examine the effect of the California Children's Power Play! Campaign's School Idea & Resource Kits for fourth/fifth grades on the psychosocial determinants of fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and physical activity (PA). 

Methods

Randomized, controlled trial (n = 31 low-resource public schools; 1,154 children). Ten grade-specific, 50-minute nutrition and PA lessons over an 8-week period. Pre/post surveys measuring knowledge, outcome expectations, and self-efficacy (SE) were analyzed using analysis of covariance, controlling for baseline values; chi-square comparing positive/negative changes, adjusted for cluster design effects.

Results

Intervention children made significant gains for FV knowledge (4 items, P < .05 to P < .001); positive outcome expectations (fifth grade only, P < .001); asking/shopping and eating SE (P = .04 and P < .001); PA knowledge (2 items, P < .01 to P < .001); outcome expectations (P < .05); and support seeking SE (P = .04); but not SE to overcome barriers. 

Conclusions and Implications

The Power Play! Campaign's School Idea & Resource Kits improved the determinants of FV intake and PA.

Authors:

Keihner AJ, Meigs R, Sugerman S, Backman D, Garbolino T, Mitchell P.

Produced through PHI's:

Center for Wellness and Nutrition