Power Play! Campaign’s School Idea & Resource Kits Improve the Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Physical Activity
This article, published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, investigates the impact of the Power Play! Campaign's School Idea & Resource Kits on the psychosocial determinants of fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity among 1,154 fourth and fifth grade students attending low-resource schools in California.
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Examine the effect of the California Children's Power Play! Campaign's School Idea & Resource Kits for fourth/fifth grades on the psychosocial determinants of fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and physical activity (PA).
Randomized, controlled trial (n = 31 low-resource public schools; 1,154 children). Ten grade-specific, 50-minute nutrition and PA lessons over an 8-week period. Pre/post surveys measuring knowledge, outcome expectations, and self-efficacy (SE) were analyzed using analysis of covariance, controlling for baseline values; chi-square comparing positive/negative changes, adjusted for cluster design effects.
Intervention children made significant gains for FV knowledge (4 items, P < .05 to P < .001); positive outcome expectations (fifth grade only, P < .001); asking/shopping and eating SE (P = .04 and P < .001); PA knowledge (2 items, P < .01 to P < .001); outcome expectations (P < .05); and support seeking SE (P = .04); but not SE to overcome barriers.
Conclusions and Implications
The Power Play! Campaign's School Idea & Resource Kits improved the determinants of FV intake and PA.