The Economic Cost of Smoking and Smoking-Related Diseases on Female Farmers
In Tanzania, CITC focused on the effects of tobacco farming on the health and economic autonomy of female farmers.
Their research found that:
- female tobacco farmers put in the same or more labor than men, but were also expected to maintain the household and care for the children;
- harmful health impacts of tobacco farming are more serious for women;
- few women farmers had any financial decision-making power – men held the titles to the land, decided what to grow, and collected and spent the revenue from their crops;
- women felt manipulated by the tobacco companies.