Today, tobacco is the only legal substance that, when used as intended, kills 6.3 million people per year. Tobacco is responsible for about one in five deaths annually, and a major contributor to the global pandemic of non-communicable diseases. PHI applies its expertise in the economics of tobacco control to advance policies to reduce smoking and vaping in various countries around the world. We also specialize in evaluating new approaches to prevention and treatment; building capacity by training the next generation of top-notch investigators in tobacco control research; and providing technical assistance to health care providers and institutions, policy makers, health departments, ministries, and community advocates working to reduce rates of smoking. PHI has experience working with private attorneys, government agencies and public health organizations to use litigation settlement funds to improve public health, including tobacco cases.