Best Practices for Community Health Needs Assessment and Implementation Strategy Development
Capacity Building & Leadership
Best Practices for Community Health Needs Assessment and Implementation Strategy Development: A Review of Scientific Methods, Current Practices, and Future Potential—Report of Proceedings from a Public Forum and Interviews of Experts was sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The purpose is to provide insights into the science, methods, and current practices in the community health improvement process.
The proceedings summarized in this report are drawn from a two and a half day expert panel meeting held at the Emory Conference Center in Atlanta, Georgia on July 11-13, 2012, as well as a series of key informant interviews conducted prior to the expert panel meeting.
The impetus for the meeting was a request from the IRS to the Department of Health and Human Services/CDC for technical guidance to inform the development of regulations pertaining to changes to the Internal Revenue Code with the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010. These changes impose new requirements on each charitable hospital beginning in the tax year two years after the passage of the ACA to conduct a community health needs assessments (CHNA) and adopt an implementation strategy which addresses the identified needs. Particular interest was expressed in the identification of best practices in the field, and an examination of challenges and opportunities associated with their implementation.
In addition to the IRS and Treasury, intended audiences for the project and associated products include other federal, state, and local government agencies, the public health community, hospitals, community-based organizations, consumer and community advocacy groups, academicians and researchers, the business community, and policymakers.
In the course of the key informant interviews and the expert panel meeting, representatives from all stakeholder communities examined the current status of scientific methods and their practical application at different stages of the community health improvement process.